How to use Google Sheets time tracking (pros, cons, tools)

by Vaishali Badgujar
Google Sheets Time Tracking

Google Sheets is a spreadsheet program available in the Google Workspace, along with other tools like Google Calendar and Docs. It doubles up as a simple timesheet for businesses to log employee work hours.

Google Sheets time tracking can help you with project management, tracking accurate billable hours, and other business functions.

In this article, we’ll explore how to track time with Google Sheets, its advantages and disadvantages. We’ll also introduce three alternatives to Google Sheets time tracking.

This article includes:

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Let’s get started.

3 approaches to Google Sheets time tracking

There are mainly three different ways to track time using Google Sheets:

1. Manually enter time entries

Here, you enter the clock in and clock out time in two different cells in a Google Sheets spreadsheet. You also need to set the Time data format for the cells with time entries.

To do this, you should:

a. Select the time columns (for example, A:A for start time and B:B for end time) and click on the 123 button on the toolbar to access a drop-down menu. 

b. Choose the Time format from the drop-down menu.

Set Time Format in Google sheets

c. Format the Hours Worked column (for example, C:C) as Duration from the same drop-down menu.

d. Use the formula (B2-A2) to get the first value in the Hours Worked column.

Hours Worked

2. Use Google Forms to build a time tracker

A Google Form can record when an employee starts and stops working. In addition to the timestamps, it has a feature to add special notes, employee email IDs, and departments. 

To do this, you need to create questions like Name, Time in, Time out, Department, etc., in Google Forms. Design a template of your liking using Google Forms and ask your employees to fill in the information daily.

Your employees can answer the questions and submit the form. You can then export the data to Google Sheets.

Now, you calculate the Hours Worked using the Google Sheets functionalities as mentioned above.

3. Use a Chrome Extension

Several time tracking tools have a Chrome Extension to track time while working using Google Sheets. These tools may run in the background while the employee works on the spreadsheets.

Apart from tracking the total hours worked, you can also use Google Sheets for other purposes.

3 other applications of Google Sheets time tracking

Let’s have a look at the different applications of Google Sheets in time tracking:

1. Add breaks while tracking hours 

You can include your break times in the Google Sheets spreadsheet. 

For this, you need to:

a. Create a Break Start and Break End columns (for example, C:C and D:D) and choose Time Format for both.

Work Breaks

b. Use the formula (B2-A2)-(D2-C2) for the Hours Worked column.

Hours worked with breaks

This way, you can find out the total time an employee has worked after taking breaks.

2. Find the shortest and longest amount of time worked

Google Sheets has a built-in function to find the minimum and maximum hours worked.

To set the function:

a. Set the formula: =Min(Hours Worked Column) in the Minimum Hours Worked column.

Min Hours Worked

b. Similarly, assign the formula = Max(Hours Worked Column) in the Maximum Hours Worked column.

Max Hours Worked

Following the above steps can help you spot employees who are overworking or not meeting the minimum working hours requirement. 

3. Calculate the total hours worked

The total hours worked can show you how long the employees of your organization worked during a specific time period. 

To determine this, you need to:

a. Create a Total Hours Worked column and insert a formula =SUM(Hours Worked column)

Total Hours Worked

Now that we know how to track time with Google Spreadsheet, let’s look at its different types.

4 different types of timesheets in Google Sheets

Here are a few types of Google Sheet spreadsheets for all business needs:

1. Daily timesheet

Daily employee timesheet lets you record the hours worked by an employee, freelancer, or contractor in a day. Businesses that need to track their employee schedule every day can use a daily timesheet.

2. Weekly timesheet

Weekly timesheets are best for businesses that want to see how an employee, freelancer, or contractor spends their time in a week. You can also see their productivity level across a week and assess performance during short periods.

3. Biweekly timesheet

A biweekly timesheet records the time entries of single and multiple employees for two weeks. With this timesheet, you need to generate paychecks only twice a month.

4. Monthly timesheet

A monthly timesheet tracks the work done by salaried employees and freelancers every day for a month. The timesheet includes the working and overtime hours of each employee in a day and other details.

Check out a few free timesheet templates available for Google Sheets.

All these Google timesheets, irrespective of type, offer you a set of benefits. Let’s look at them.

4 advantages of Google Sheets time tracking

Some of the benefits of time tracking with Google Sheets include:

1. No training required

Google Sheets is easy to operate due to its simple functions and intuitive interface. 

Moreover, being similar to Microsoft Excel, your employees can quickly figure out how to use it. 

For example, you may have to teach your employees to operate the Add-on feature in Google Spreadsheets. But in most cases, you won’t have to explain how to add rows or columns or use formulas in the app — especially if the employee is familiar with Excel.

2. Accessible 

Google Sheets is a cloud-based solution. It can be accessed by your employees from anywhere as long as they have a strong internet connection. 

Additionally, on-field workers can easily clock in and out from their Google Sheets app on their mobile phones as they move from one location to another.

Moreover, Google Sheets also helps increase team flexibility by enabling remote work. Remote employees can log in and out from their preferred work locations using this cloud-based spreadsheet.

3. High compatibility with other apps

Google Sheets integrates with other apps like Trello, Slack, Clockify, etc., via an API. 

This functionality lets your employees track time while working on their project from Trello or other solutions. Further, advanced time tracking tools track time seamlessly without interrupting work.

Google Sheets also works with Google Docs, Calendar, PowerPoint, and other Google apps for easy collaboration and quick data linking.

Besides, you can extend Google Sheets using App Scripts. You can add custom menus, sidebars, dialogs, and more to the spreadsheet with it.  

4. Free app

Google Sheets is a free solution. 

You don’t have to pay for a monthly subscription or purchase it. 

However, you may have to buy extra space in your Google Drive to store the spreadsheets after using the maximum free storage space.

Google Sheets also gives a variety of free or add-on templates. A few of them are the weekly timesheet template, monthly budget template, invoice template, and Gantt chart template.

Although Google Sheets time tracking has its benefits, it has its set of disadvantages.

4 disadvantages of Google Sheets time tracking 

Some of the limitations of Google Sheets time tracking are:

1. Time consuming

Your employees may need to manually enter the start and end time if your firm uses Google Sheets, which can be time-consuming. 

Besides, employees also need to manually note the start and end times for lunch breaks, meetings, etc., which may take up even more time.

2. Difficult to manage

Managing Google Sheets can become difficult as your company grows. Supervisors may find it tedious to organize, locate, and store them.

In addition to that, they may have to manually calculate regular hours, overtime hours, and total hours worked daily.

3. Prone to error

Even though Google Sheets allows using advanced formulas, employees still need to enter their daily log in and out times, attendance status, etc. Such manual recording is prone to errors.

Additionally, employees who postpone filling in time records may forget their times and insert wrong data, leading to overestimating the time worked. It may significantly increase your costs, especially for employees who charge on a per-hour basis.

Spotting these errors in the Google Sheets timesheets can become quite hectic.

4. Limited scalability

Although you can configure Google Sheets to track time, it isn’t designed to do that. And it lacks many features that a dedicated time tracking tool offers. 

These drawbacks keep companies from scaling up as it might add more work for employees. It can also increase their chances of error and decrease job satisfaction.

That’s why you need to consider alternatives to Google Sheets time tracking. 

Today, there are several tools with state-of-the-art time tracking functionality and other features that fulfill the various needs of different types of businesses.

3 popular alternatives to Google Sheets time tracking

Here are three well-known alternatives to Google Sheets time tracking:

1. Time Doctor

Time Doctor Homepage

Time Doctor is an employee time and productivity tracking software used by small companies, like ThriveMarket, as well as large companies, like Ericsson. 

This tool generates automatic timesheets based on the time tracked and the task worked on during the period.

Key features

Let’s look at a few of the Time Doctor’s main features:

A. Chrome extensions and integrations

Time Doctor has a Chrome extension that integrates with over 50 software, including Google Sheets.

To use the Google Sheets integration, you need to:

  • Install the Time Doctor desktop app and Chrome extension.
  • Click on the timer button on the top of the Google Sheet to track time.
time doctor_google sheets time tracking

The other integrations of the tool are:

You can also use Time Doctor’s mobile timesheet app that works on Android devices.

B. Silent and interactive time tracking

Time Doctor offers a silent time tracker that records the employee hours in the background while they work. This automatic feature lets employees concentrate on their work by not distracting them with a timer. 

The tool starts and stops the time tracking when the employee switches the system on and off.

In addition, Time Doctor also has an interactive time tracking feature. Here, the employee can manually Start and Stop the tool’s timer when they start and stop working. 

time doctor_better for employees
C. Idle time tracking

Time Doctor tracks the idle time of an employee based on their system’s activity. 

When the system doesn’t show any keystrokes or mouse movements, it assumes the employee is idle and tracks idle time. Once the employee reaches the time limit for idleness (which you can set), the tool shows a pop-up alerting the employee to focus on their task.

If the employee doesn’t respond a minute after showing the pop-up, the tracker automatically stops tracking time. 

time doctor_idle time

Note: Time Doctor doesn’t log the keystrokes or mouse clicks for privacy protection. It only tracks whether the user presses keys or makes mouse clicks.

D. Productivity ratings

Time Doctor lets you classify websites and applications based on how relevant they’re to work:

  • Productive
  • Unproductive
  • Neutral
  • Unrated

This feature will show you when an employee spends time on a website or app categorized as ‘Unproductive.’ It also alerts the employee with a pop-up and nudges them to return to a productive page.

Time Doctor productivity ratings
E. Screencasts

You can use Time Doctor to take screencasts of the employee’s monitors when they’re working. Further, you can schedule the software to click screenshots at specific intervals. 

Time Doctor screencasts

Note: Employees can blur or delete a screenshot that contains personal information.

F. Payroll management 

In addition to tracking employee work hours accurately, Time Doctor also helps with payroll generation. The software integrates with Paypal, Gusto, ADP, and Wise so that you can pay employees quickly and safely.  

time doctor_payroll management


Time Doctor offers a free 14-day trial plan (no credit card required). 

Its basic plan starts at $7 per user/month and offers time tracking, unlimited screenshots, activity tracking, and much more. 

Customer ratings

  • Capterra: 4.5/5 (350+ reviews)
  • G2: 4.4/5 (200+ reviews)

2. Toggl Track

Toggl Homepage

Toggl Track is a time tracking tool designed for businesses of all sizes, from freelancers to large enterprises. You can access this tool from its website, desktop, or mobile app. 

Key features

  • Customize weekly employee reports and send them to clients in PDF or CSV formats.
  • Automatically keep track of the websites or apps employees use for more than 10 seconds.
  • Start and end time tracking based on the events in your Google Calendar or Outlook.
  • Lets you automate sending emails to employees who haven’t completed their target hours.


Along with a free plan, Toggl Track offers a paid plan starting at $10 per user/month.

Customer ratings

  • Capterra: 4.7/5 (1750+ reviews)
  • G2: 4.6/5 (1450+ reviews)

3. Everhour

Everhour homepage

Everhour aims to help small and mid-sized companies organize their work by tracking working hours. It also offers features like budgeting, client invoicing, and easy payroll.

Key features

  • Lets employees record time in real-time from iPhone and browser extensions.
  • Gives notifications to start the tracker while working and also on long-running timers.
  • Automatically transfer time data to more than 1000 applications using its Zapier integration.
  • Tracks time offs, vacations, sick days, and other types of leaves.


Everhour’s cloud solution plans start at $7/user per month for five users.

Customer ratings

  • Capterra: 4.7/5 (250+ reviews)
  • G2: 4.7/5 (100+ reviews)

Wrapping up

Although Google Sheets time tracking has its advantages, it’s still error-prone, time-consuming, and difficult to manage. That’s why businesses need to consider advanced time tracking software to help with time tracking. 

A dedicated time tracker, like Time Doctor, has cutting-edge technology, a customizable timesheet template, and other features that help record employee billable hours effortlessly.

Why not sign up for Time Doctor’s free trial today and simplify the way you track time?

View a free demo of Time Doctor

help managers focus on what matters most
time doctor ratings

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